Charles K. Kao Wiki – Charles K. Kao Biography
Charles K. Kao was a “Chinese-born British-American visionary physicist and educator” whose invention changed the way society communicates. He is honored with a google doodle on November 4, 2021. Kao was “considered the father of fiber optics whose innovations revolutionized global communication and laid the foundation for today’s high-speed Internet,” reports Google.
November 4, 2021 is Kao’s 88th birthday. He died on September 23, 2018. “The word ‘visionary’ is overused, but I think that in the case of Charles Kao, it is completely appropriate because he really saw a world that was connected, by light, using the medium of fiber optics. ”Said John Dudley, a fiber optic researcher, to the New York Times. “And I think society today owes him a lot for that work.”
Kao was born in Shanghai into a wealthy and prosperous family
According to Google, Charles Kuen Kao “was born on this day in 1933 in Shanghai, China.” The Nobel Prize website includes a biography of Kao that says the Kao family “hails from a township called Zhangyan in the Jinshan district near Shanghai, China1”.
They were concerned about the wealthy landowners, and the children had to get a good education. His grandfather was named Kao Hsieh2. “He was a man of letters, famous for his beautiful poems, which he interpreted in Chinese calligraphy,” says the Nobel Prize website.
As a Confucian scholar, he was a book collector and also a prominent member of the Nan She (Southern Society). Other family members also actively participated in the Society; his goal during the Chinese Revolution of 1911 was to help overthrow the ruling Qing dynasty. ”
His grandfather had six children, including Kao’s father, Kao Chun Hsin. The third child, his father, attended Michigan Law School and was involved in an arranged marriage to a poet. He returned from Michigan and was appointed a Chinese judge, moving his family to Shanghai, says the site’s bio.
Kao and her brother were born after their parents lost other children to illness and miscarriage. Kao said that he and his brother lived a “pampered life.” He wrote: “The babysitters were constantly watching. With my parents busy at dinners and social events, we only met them as if we were a real daily audience. ”
Kao, who studied electrical engineering in England, was considered a “pioneer”
“Attracted to intellectual work from an early age with remarkable academic success, he went on to study electrical engineering in England,” Google reports. “He supported his graduate studies as an engineer at Standard Telephones and Cables Ltd., where his colleagues invented the laser in 1960.”
Charles Kao was “the pioneer who suggested the use of fiberglass waveguides as a means of transporting laser light over long distances for telecommunications traffic.” reports Royal Society Publishing.
In a 1966 article, he “explained the proper design parameters and performance characteristics that would be necessary for a successful system to emerge:
The idea was “widely ridiculed” at first, but later became accepted information. “… Optical fibers now dominate telecommunications throughout the world. Without them, contemporary communications would be unthinkable, ”explains the Royal Society Publishing of Kao’s contribution.
Kao won the Nobel Prize
Britannica describes Kao as a physicist “who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2009 for his discovery of how light can be transmitted through fiber optic cables.”
According to the site, he “shared the award with physicists Willard Boyle and George E. Smith, who won for their work on the invention of the charge-coupled device (CCD).”
He was a citizen of the United States and Great Britain, the site reports.
Kao had two children with his wife, who lives in California.
According to the Royal Society Publishing biography, Kao met a woman named Gwen who was “from a British Chinese family” and was also named May Wan Wong. She became his “constant companion” until his death.
They married in 1959 and had two children, who live in California, the site reports.
Kao died in 2018.
Kao’s invention ‘transformed the way the human race communicated’
According to Royal Society Publishing, Kao’s “’crazy 1966 vision’ of a single-mode fiber-optic had really transformed the way the human race communicated, both locally and globally, honors and awards began to rain down on him.
In an obituary when he died in Hong Kong at age 84, The New York Times reported that Kao “helped lay the technical foundation for the information age.”
Google noted: “Kao’s landmark research in the 1960s earned him a joint Nobel Prize in Physics in 2009 and paved the way for the more than 900 million kilometers of fiber optic cables that carry massive amounts of data across the globe. world today. ”